Frazni glagoli = Phrasal Verbs
Eden od pojavov angleškega glagola je ta, da tvori skupaj s predlogom, členkom ali prislovom nov glagol, ki se po svojem pomenu razlikuje od prvotnega glagola. Frazni glagol je torej kombinacija glagola in predloga, členka ali prislova. Pomena fraznega glagola navadno ni moč razbrati na osnovi posamičnih besed, ki ga tvorijo. Frazni glagoli posledično slovenskim in drugim tujim govorcem angleščine pogosto povzročajo težave.
- Jim asked Kim out. = Jim je Kim povabil ven.
Posamezen glagol se lahko pojavi v kombinaciji z različnimi členki/predlogi/prislovi in pomeni teh kombinacij se med seboj razlikujejo. Če vzamemo za primer glagol “look”:
- My older brother looked after me when I was younger. = Moj starejši brat je pazil name, ko sem bila mlajša.
- Look at you! You’re so beautiful in this dress! = Poglej se! Tako lepa si v tej obleki!
- I am looking for my keys. Have you seen them anywhere? = Iščem svoje ključe. Si jih kje videl?
- Look out! The floor is slippery. = Pazi! Tla so spolzka.
- He started looking down on everyone when he got rich. = Ko je obogatel je začel na vse gledati zviška.
- I really look forward to meeting you. = Res se veselim srečanja s tabo.
Tabela z nekaterimi pogostimi fraznimi glagoli:
invite on a date
John asked Kathy out
When Jim decided to start his own business, his mother backed him up.
The police found the man who wanted to blow up a plane.
stop functioning (machine, vehicle)
My computer broke down yesterday.
force entry to a building
The young man tried to break in the house but someone came by and he ran away.
end a relationship
He broke up with his girlfriend not long ago.
bring someone down
Films with sad endings always bring me down.
bring someone up
raise a child
Our parents brought us up to believe in ourselves.
start talking about a subject
I hate to bring this up but you still owe me £160.
They called off the metting because half of the people were too busy to come.
relax after being angry
Could you calm down? Everything will be okay.
not care for someone/something
not like (formal)
I don't care for her opinion.
get to the same point as someone else
I stopped and waited for my group to catch up.
ujeti, dohiteti (priti do iste točke, kjer je nekdo drug)
arrive and register at a hotel or airport
When we arrive at the hotel, we have to check in first.
leave a hotel
We packed and checked out of the hotel.
check someone/something out
look at carefully, investigate
The police is checking out the call.
Mary cheered up when Peter had finally arrived.
come across something
I sometimes come across protected flowers when hiking in mountains.
count on someone/something
I know I can count on him whenever I need anything.
cut back on something
You should cut back on alcohol.
do away with something
It's time to do away with all of these old clothes.
wear nice clothing
The club we are going to is quite fancy so I suggest you dress up.
lepo se obleči
come without an appointment
You can drop in/by/over at my place any time you want.
ustaviti se na obisk
quit a class, school, course
He dropped out of school at the age of 15.
pustiti (npr. šolo)
eat at a restaurant
Don't cook. We'll eat out tonight.
break into pieces
My shoes are falling apart. I have to buy a new pair.
understand, find the answer
Try to figure out what their intentions are because I would really like to know.
ugotoviti, spomniti se nečesa
to write information in blanks
Fill in the form with your name, address, and email address and give it back to us.
We found out beautiful islands when travelling around by boat.
like each other
I get along/on with my mother-in-law and visit her quite often.
go on a vacation
After all this work, I can't wait to get away next week.
iti na počitnice
get away with something
do without being noticed or punished
This time Tim won't get away with cheating on his girlfriend.
odnesti jo brez, da bi drugi opazili, te kaznovali
get over something
recover from an illness, loss, difficulty
It took her quite a while to get over her divorce.
get round to something
finally find time to do
I hope I will get round to making a cake for my daughter's birthday next week.
najti čas za nekaj
meet (usually for social reasons)
Let's get together for our school anniversary.
get out of bed
My brother got up at five this morning and went to the seaside.
vstati iz postelje
No matter how many times I fell I always got up and kept trying.
ruin a secret
My best friend gave away the news about my pregnancy by accident.
give something to someone for free
When my co-worker bought her new computer she gave away the old one.
reluctantly stop fighting or arguing
My friend didn't want to watch that comedy but gave in in the end.
vdati se (v prepiru)
quit a habit
I have finally given up biting my nails.
odnehati, prenehati z navado
No matter how hard it gets you should never give up.
vdati se (prenehati poskušati)
go after someone
He didn't want to leave me alone and when I went home he went after me. That was when I called the police.
iti za nekom
go against someone
I am very nervous since I am going against my biggest competitor tomorrow.
nasprotovati nekomu/nečemu, tekmovati
Our boss said we can go ahead with our plan.
return to a place
She went back to work in the afternoon to finish some things.
leave home to go on a social event
I am going out for a drink with my friends.
go out with someone
Lucy has been going out with Dave for eight years and this year they are going to get married.
iti ven z nekom
go over something
I went over my article for the last time and sent it to the publisher.
go without something
suffer, lack, deprive yourself of
They were so poor that they had to go without food from time to time.
ne imeti, biti brez
stop being friends over time
Amanda and her sister grew apart after Amanda had moved.
Don't worry. Your hair will soon grow back.
become an adult
When our children grow up, we will have more time for each other.
hand something in
The deadline to hand in the reports is May 12.
hand something over
give (usually unwillingly)
Johnny, now hand the mobile phone over to your father because he needs it.
Hang in there. Your hard work will sooner or later be repaid.
držati se (ostati pozitiven)
wait a short time (informal)
Hang on a second. I'll go with you.
spend time relaxing together (informal)
I hang out with him and enjoy some good time almost every weekend.
end a phone call
He was so angry that he just hung up.
hold someone back
prevent from doing/going
I had to hold my friend back when they were teasing him about his sister.
hold back something
hide an emotion
She was hardly holding back the tears when they were leaving.
wait a short time
Please hold on. Ms Smith will be back in a second.
Have you heard that someone held up the post last evening?
ustaviti in oropati
keep on doing
Keep on doing the good work.
keep something from someone
We kept my pregnancy from everyone for three months.
stop from entering
The children should be kept out of my office.
ne puščati noter
fail to support or help, disappoint
John has never let me down and I am really happy for having him in my life.
pustiti na cedilu, razočarati (nekoga),
allow to enter
The old lady didn't let the man in because she didn't know him.
spustiti koga noter
take care of
I had to look after my younger brother when my parents were away.
look down on
think less of, consider inferior
I don't know why she looks down on everybody. Who does she think she is?
zviška koga gledati, zaničevati
try to find
I'm looking for my file. Have you seen it anywhere?
look forward to
be excited about the future
I really look forward to meeting you.
She was looking into the possibilities of buying a franchise.
be careful, vigilant and take notice
Look out! This floor is slippery.
When I was looking over my seminar paper I found three grammatical mistakes.
search and find information in a reference book or database
I don’t know the meaning of this word but I can look it up the in the dictionary.
look up to
have a lot of respect for
I looked up to my grandmother when I was a child.
invent, lie about something
The boy says the story about the rape is not true and that the girl has made it up.
izmisliti si nekaj
forgive each other
We refused to see each other for two weeks but we have made up now.
spraviti se s kom
apply cosmetics to
I made her up for her date.
confuse two or more things
I mixed up everything I had intended to say at the meeting.
After a long and painful struggle with cancer my grandfather passed away.
I almost passed out because of all the crowd and bad air.
return owed money
I'll pay you back that euro next time we see each other.
vrniti nekomu denar
be punished for doing something bad
I will make sure he will pay for being so mean to you.
Try these jeans. I picked them out for you because they will surely suit you.
indicate with your finger
Can you point that actress out when she appears on the screen?
pokazati (s prstom)
put something down
put what you are holding on a surface or floor
You can put the luggage down and have some rest because the plane is delayed.
insult, make someone feel stupid
The man was putting his wife down because of her job.
The appintment was put off because of her illness.
put up with someone/something
It's difficult to put up with him when he is so stubborn.
put something on
put clothing/accessories on your body
I put on some make-up and went to work.
dati nase, obleči
run into someone/something
George ran into his elementary school teacher while walking down the street.
naleteti na kaj/koga (po naključju)
run over someone/something
drive a vehicle over a person or thing
When I was driving home I ran over a cat. It jumped on the road out of nowhere.
have none left
We ran out of sugar, so I couldn't make a cake.
Sue loves shopping around before buying anything.
primerjati cene (po trgovinah)
act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)
I think he is showing off a bit too much in that BMW.
stay somewhere for the night (informal)
You don't need to spend the night in a hotel. You can sleep over at my house. There is enough place.
prespati (nekje eno noč)
continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing
Stick to your goals and you will succeed.
držati se nečesa, omejiti se na eno stvar
stop the energy flow, turn off
I switched off the TV and went to bed.
start the energy flow, turn on
Can you switch on the radio? It would be nice to hear some music.
resemble a family member
I take after my father. We are both lazy.
povzeti se (po komu- karakterno)
purposely break into pieces
He took the computer apart and repaired it.
return an item
Mandy had to take her phone back because it didn't work.
start to fly
I am always nervous when the plane takes off.
remove something (usually clothing)
The doctor told me to take off my shirt.
remove from a place or thing
Kim took out her handkerchief and blew her nose.
pay for someone to go somewhere with you
He said he wanted to take me out to a Thai restaurant for dinner.
peljati nekoga ven
I really need time to think it over before I decide.
I had to throw some of my old clothes away because I didn't have room for the new ones.
decrease the volume or strength (heat, light, etc.)
Please, turn the radio down otherwise the neighbours might complain.
zmanjšati (zvok, toploto, luč)
They turned the student down because he had no work experience.
stop the energy flow, switch off
Could you, please, turn the radio off and start studying?
start the energy flow, switch on
I didn't turn the lights on and fell over a chair.
increase the volume or strength (heat, light, etc.)
It's so hot in here. Please,turn the air conditioning up.
dati na več (zvok, temperaturo, svetlobo)
Larry turned up unexpectedly and surprised everyone.
She tried the dress on, but it was too big.
I would have to try this car out before buying it.
preizkusiti (v pomenu testirati)
We have to wake up at six at the latest to catch our train.
prepare body for exercise
Stretching exercises warm up our bodies and prevent injuries.
Water-resistant mascaras don't wear off so fast.
She works out a lot to stay in shape.
Thankfully everything has worked out all right.