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Besedotvorje = Word formation

Ena od prednosti angleščine je ta, da ima neverjetno zmožnost tvorjenja novih besed. Tvorjenje besed (ang. word formation) se doseže z dodajanjem in odvzemanjem predpon in pripon (npr. quick-quickly), s spojitvijo dveh besed (npr. breakfast + lunch = brunch), z zlaganjem (npr. girl + friend = girlfriend), s konverzijo (npr. “import” je lahko v vlogi samostalnika ali v vlogi glagola), s krnitvijo (npr. laboratory-lab), podvajanjem (fifty-fifty), preko onomatopoij (s posnemanjem naravnih zvokov: burp, clink) in procese tvorjenja besed (word formation) bi še lahko naštevali.

V podpoglavjih boste našli tabele, ki prikazujejo tvorjenje besed (word formation). Besedišče je razdeljeno po abecedi.

Nekatere pogoste pripone:

Samostalniki

pripona primer
ance entrance, importance, advance, performance, reliance
ence residence, patience, confidence, silence, dependence, violence
er, –or actor, selector, computer compiler, instructor, senator, adaptor, elector
ist, –yst artist, analyst, biologist, egoist, pianist,
((a)t)ion selection, action, admiration, destination, conclusion, celebration, conversion
ness happiness, kindness, nervousness, blindness
ment compliment, measurement, development, treatment
ity ability, brevity, pity, electricity, stability, variety
ian civilian, electrician, agrarian, pedestrian
ism alpinism, mechanism, hedonism, realism
ship hardship, relationship, battleship, friendship
ive fugitive, initiative, additive, objective, archive
acy accuracy, literacy, legacy, poignancy
Pridevniki

pripona primer
able breakable, comfortable, reliable, loadable, remarkable, available
ible flexible, possible, terrible, compatible, responsible, feasible
(ic)al critical, magnetic, mystical, electric, musical, electrical
(i)ous envious, previous, curious, dangerous
ful colorful, careful, playful, helpful
less painless, careless, penniless, helpless
ish boyish, redish, selfish, Polish, snobbish, English
ate adequate, articulate, chocolate, confederate
ary scary, elementary, voluntary, binary, military, secondary
ive active, generative, alive, productive, attentive, objective
y happy, worthy, foggy, fuzzy, cozy, busy
Glagoli

pripona primer
ate allocate, calculate, speculate, create, terminate, activate
en darken, worsen, lengthen, harden
fy defy, simplify, clarify, unify
ize socialize, realize, summarize
ish abolish, accomplish, furnish
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